[10] One writer has speculated that a misunderstanding of the text could possibly have been responsible for the first attempts to use bone-ash as an ingredient of English porcelain,[10] although this is not supported by researchers and historians.[11][12][13][14][15]. The clays used are often described as being long or short, depending on their plasticity. £25.00. The word paste is an old term for both the unfired and fired materials. (In Russian). And the fine porcelain is fired with a long life in min… Découvrez les bonnes réponses, synonymes et autres types d'aide pour résoudre chaque puzzle Évitez également les nettoyants qui contiennent du colorant ou de la teinture, car ils pourraient tacher votre carrelage. – Qu’est ce que l’émail ? Etat impeccable, sans cassures ni égrenures, sans faïençage ni fel. 42, No.11, 1992. However, the Chinese techniques and composition used to manufacture porcelain were not yet fully understood. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society Vol. Plates, cups, bowls and vases are formed by hand, polished and after firing - depending on the service - freely painted by hand or refined with fine gold. For other uses, see. Formulations were later developed based on kaolin with quartz, feldspars, nepheline syenite or other feldspathic rocks. ‘Science Of Early English Porcelain.’ I.C. [22] While Xing ware is regarded as among the greatest of the Tang dynasty porcelain, Ding ware became the premier porcelain of the Song dynasty. livraison: + 100,00 EUR livraison . Kaolin is the primary material from which porcelain is made, even though clay minerals might account for only a small proportion of the whole. Dates : 25-28 août 2020, 11h-16h (pause repas de … Community See All. Bien qu’elle ne constitue pas l'une des plus célèbres inventions en provenance de ce pays (comme la poudre à canon ou l'imprimerie), la porcelaine a, néanmoins, toujours été l'une des principales exportations tout au long de l'histoire du pays. See full description . Un service de table esthétique constitue la base de votre équipement de cuisine. [4], Traditionally, East Asia only classifies pottery into low-fired wares (earthenware) and high-fired wares (often translated as porcelain), the latter also including what Europeans call stoneware, which is high-fired but not generally white or translucent. (Dict. biscuit [céramique] céramique. Tous les deux avec la marque sur le fond (Hichozan Shimpo sei). Pour réaliser votre recette de porcelaine froide au micro-ondes – vous pouvez aussi la faire à la casserole, la première chose à faire est de mélanger tous les ingrédients mis à part la crème et de tout mettre au four à micro-ondes pendant 1 min 30 à 850 watts. 170. The English had read the letters of Jesuit missionary François Xavier d'Entrecolles, which described Chinese porcelain manufacturing secrets in detail. Vous risquez de tacher les joints et d’abimer la couleur des carreaux en porcelaine. William Cookworthy discovered deposits of kaolin in Cornwall, and his factory at Plymouth, established in 1768, used kaolin and china stone to make hard-paste porcelain with a body composition similar to that of the Chinese porcelains of the early 18th century. These exported Chinese porcelains were held in such great esteem in Europe that in English china became a commonly–used synonym for the Italian-derived porcelain. Informations sur la … [32] One of the first results of the collaboration between the two was the development of a red stoneware that resembled that of Yixing. The European name, porcelain in English, comes from the old Italian porcellana (cowrie shell) because of its resemblance to the surface of the shell. It was originally typically made on the potter's wheel, though moulds were also used from early on. VASE EN PORCELAINE DE LA FAMILLE ROSE CHINE, DYNASTIE QING, MARQUE A SIX CARACTERES EN CACHET EN ROUGE DE FER ET EPOQUE DAOGUANG (1821-1850) Reposant sur un petit pied droit, il est délicatement peint d'un couple de pies perchées sur des branchages de magnolia parmi des pivoines et des marguerites ; restauration au col. Compte et listes Compte Retours et Commandes. Cette expression, dit-il, à part quelques variantes sans importance, reste la même et s'applique à la même chose jusqu'au XVIe siècle. La porcelaine dure est la porcelaine proprement dite. [56] Historic examples of rooms decorated entirely in porcelain tiles can be found in several European palaces including ones at Galleria Sabauda in Turin, Museo di Doccia in Sesto Fiorentino, Museo di Capodimonte in Naples, the Royal Palace of Madrid and the nearby Royal Palace of Aranjuez. Dental porcelain is used for crowns, bridges and veneers. It is believed to be the oldest of the French scent hounds. 450,00 EUR. Vous trouverez sur cette page les mots correspondants à la définition « À la base de la porcelaine » pour des mots fléchés. William Littler And The Origins Of Porcelain In Staffordshire. Theoretically, any mark at the base of a piece of Chinese porcelain should be the reign title of the Emperor during which period the piece was made. In France they were known as pâte tendre and in England as "soft-paste". The strength, and translucence of porcelain, relative to other types of pottery, arises mainly from vitrification and the formation of the mineral mullite within the body at these high temperatures. Examples include: terminals for high-voltage cables, bushings of power transformers, and insulation of high-frequency antennas. La marque adidas s’est associée à Meissen, un fabriquant de porcelaine basé en Allemagne. Freestone. At first the wares used European shapes and mostly Chinese decoration, as the Chinese had done, but gradually original Japanese styles developed. List of the manufacturers and decorating studios that used this mark along with their own mark from 1929 onwards: in "Histoire de la Porcelaine de Limoges" René Dessagne A.F - André François (1919-1934) A. Lanternier & co (1887-1978) A. Pillivuyt & Fils… Although widely disbelieved this has been replicated in modern times.[36]. By the time of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644 AD), porcelain wares were being exported to Asia and Europe. J'ai dans l'idée de m'en servir pour décorer des cartes... Signé aussi dans la quadrature des scènes. Que vous soyez un membre fidèle ou un joueur extérieur curieux, vous pourrez avec ce nouveau service, profiter de notre magnifique parcours et suivre nos actualités. L'usine de porcelaine JL Coquet à Saint Léonard de Noblat en Haute-Vienne crée et fabrique une porcelaine réputée pour sa pureté, son plus grand respect des savoir-faire historiques et son esprit d'avant garde mondialement reconnu. 2e exposition internationale de peinture sur porcelaine, fabriquer de la porcelaine froide - arts plastiques, Sel/Poivre porcelaine - MenuSel/Poivre porcelaine - Menu. Le prix comprend les bases de support en bois sculpté italien de la fin du XIXe siècle. Chinese exports had been seriously disrupted by civil wars as the Ming dynasty fell apart, and the Japanese exports increased rapidly to fill the gap. Eventually, porcelain and the expertise required to create it began to spread into other areas of East Asia. Peter the Great had tried to reveal the "big porcelain secret", and sent an agent to the Meissen factory, and finally hired a porcelain master from abroad. Thank you for the nice comment: indeed we tried both to explain the production process, whilst displaying ancient works of art so that the museum is both informative and pleasant to the eye. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . La rose de porcelaine. CLVIII dell'edizione a cura di L.F. Benedetto, 1928; cap. Sincerely, The team of Base canyon de la Besorgues. Il peut s'agir d'un gâteau, d'une céramique, d'une pierre à base de chaux, etc. – Brève histoire de la porcelaine en Occident. Jill R wrote a review Aug 2019. During this period, porcelain chamber pots were commonly found in higher-class European households, and the term "bourdaloue" was used as the name for the pot. 42, No. hpp 17 BRISTOL TURIN Vineuf Dr.Gioanetti. These wares were not yet actual porcelain wares as they were not hard nor vitrified by firing kaolin clay at high temperatures. Magasin de porcelaine blanche et de porcelaine décorée à la main,toute la porcelaine va au four, micro onde et lave vaisselle Rejoignez-nous sur la page Facebook Dicodunet. BASE DE LA PORCELAINE La solution à ce puzzle est constituéè de 6 lettres et commence par la lettre K Les solutions pour BASE DE LA PORCELAINE de mots fléchés et mots croisés. Les aléas d'une si (…) Some porcelains were more highly valued than others in imperial China. Un modèle est d’abord conçu et testé avant d’être reproduit en plus grand nombre. £10.99. A workshop note records that the first specimen of hard, white and vitrified European porcelain was produced in 1708. Modern porcelain tiles are generally produced by a number of recognised international standards and definitions. In 1749, Thomas Frye took out a patent on a porcelain containing bone ash. Porcelain (/ ˈ p ɔːr s əl ɪ n /) is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including a material like kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 °C (2,200 and 2,600 °F). Interview de Brigida, modeleuse depuis plus de 12 ans et créatrice du site Babou Bricole (la porcelaine froide de Brigida).. PLCom Comment as-tu découvert la PAM? En août, le Studio Porcepolis vous propose de découvrir la base de la création porcelaine ! xix e s.). porcelaine Sàrl (Le cercle artistique des peintres sur porcelaine) is a company set up in 1999 and taken over in 2008 by Micheline & Louis-Georges Lecerf. Responded 16 Sep 2017. haut x diam. La porcelaine. It was used for a short period along with the factory mark and the decorating studio mark. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème peinture sur porcelaine, porcelaine, peinture. “Porcelain Tile: The Revolution Is Only Beginning.” Tile Decorative Surf. [23] By the Ming dynasty, production of the finest wares for the court was concentrated in a single city, and Jingdezhen porcelain, originally owned by the imperial government, remains the centre of Chinese porcelain production. CIRCA 1920. Porcelain can be used as a building material, usually in the form of tiles or large rectangular panels. Antique Hand Painted Pillivuyt La Porcelaine De France Paris Porcelain Ashtray TipuModerni. 3. ”Italian Porcelain Tile Production At The Top” Ind.Ceram. Le bois d’olive est très approprié pour ce type d’utilisation en raison de sa résistance et des propriétés hydrofuges. Voici ce qui revient souvent en ce moment (les plus fréquents étant écrits en plus gros) : Formation au referencement Google The most valued types can be identified by their association with the court, either as tribute offerings, or as products of kilns under imperial supervision. – Travail de la porcelaine par plaques – Estampage dans des moules – Coulage dans des moules – Base de l’émaillage. £169.22. The earliest European porcelains were produced at the Meissen factory in the early 18th century; they were formed from a paste composed of kaolin and alabaster and fired at temperatures up to 1,400 °C (2,552 °F) in a wood-fired kiln, producing a porcelain of great hardness, translucency, and strength. Il la baptise "porcellana" du nom d’un coquillage nacré en forme de vulve de truie (porca : femelle du porc en latin) très prisé des romains. Its alternate name is the Chien de Franche-Comté, named after a French region bordering Switzerland Appearance. Most English porcelain from the late 18th century to the present is bone china. It was noted for its great resistance to thermal shock; a visitor to the factory in Böttger's time reported having seen a white-hot teapot being removed from the kiln and dropped into cold water without damage. En novembre 2007, ma collègue qui a un fils allergique au gluten, me demande si j’ai pas une recette de pâte à sel sans gluten. Tschirnhaus had a wide knowledge of science and had been involved in the European quest to perfect porcelain manufacture when, in 1705, Böttger was appointed to assist him in this task. 5 out of 5 stars (55) 55 reviews $ 89.00. The Vincennes porcelain factory was established in 1740, moving to larger premises at Sèvres[38] in 1756. Von Tschirnhaus along with Johann Friedrich Böttger were employed by Augustus II, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, who sponsored their work in Dresden and in the town of Meissen. Early in the 16th century, Portuguese traders returned home with samples of kaolin, which they discovered in China to be essential in the production of porcelain wares. 11 likes. Notre sélection de Assiette à petit prix ! Although the Japanese elite were keen importers of Chinese porcelain from early on, they were not able to make their own until the arrival of Korean potters that were taken captive during the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598). From shop TipuModerni. Shopping & Retail in Grace-Hollogne, Wallonia, Belgium. Chine. Usine de la Fabrique (87) depuis 1825. Pour faire de la peinture sur porcelaine, il faut prendre une plume à l’encre de Chine ou un crayon surgras spécial pour porcelaine et faire tout le contour de dessin. In and around Venice, Francesco Vezzi was producing hard-paste from around 1720 to 1735; survivals of Vezzi porcelain are very rare, but less so than from the Hewelke factory, which only lasted from 1758 to 1763. (Haut. Another early method is "once-fired", where the glaze is applied to the unfired body and the two fired together in a single operation. VASE CANTONES. Free postage. CROWN. base de la porcelaine en 6 lettres: les solutions approchantes. 2020 - Explorez le tableau « Porcelaine » de laf Elisabeth, auquel 170 utilisateurs de Pinterest sont abonnés. ... 22 PotteryandPorcelain * CHINA FLEUR-DE-LYS. Isle-Jourdain (L') - La porcelaine d'hier et d'aujourd'hui. Thus, the range of water content within which these clays can be worked is very narrow and consequently must be carefully controlled. [2] Properties associated with porcelain include low permeability and elasticity; considerable strength, hardness, whiteness, translucency and resonance; and a high resistance to chemical attack and thermal shock. The soft-paste Cozzi factory fared better, lasting from 1764 to 1812. Porcelain often receives underglaze decoration using pigments that include cobalt oxide and copper, or overglaze enamels, allowing a wider range of colours. At the time, the research was still being supervised by Tschirnhaus; however, he died in October of that year. Du prêt-à-porter pour femme en passant par les vêtements homme jusqu'aux linge de lit et meubles déco, le site 3 SUISSES vous propose une large sélection de produits, afin que vous puissiez rester toujours en avance sur les tendances ! PORCELAINE EMAILLÉ. Fond de teint hydratant. Plus d’infos en cliquant ici. Meissen porcelain was once-fired, or green-fired. cap. Depuis plus de 80 ans, 3 SUISSES offre aux français le meilleur de la mode et de la déco. LIMOGES PORCELAIN DE FRANCE HAND DECORATED HINGED TRINKET BOX FLOWERS±3. [27], A great range of styles and manufacturing centres were in use by the start of the 19th century, and as Japan opened to trade in the second half, exports expanded hugely and quality generally declined. The Jenny Worrall Parrot JW79 Table Lamp is a hand made glass table lamp with la taupe drum shade. Prime Panier. Porcelain has been described as being "completely vitrified, hard, impermeable (even before glazing), white or artificially coloured, translucent (except when of considerable thickness), and resonant". All these were very successful, with large outputs of high-quality wares. 5. The pastes produced by combining clay and powdered glass (frit) were called Frittenporzellan in Germany and frita in Spain. [6] Later, the composition of the Meissen hard paste was changed and the alabaster was replaced by feldspar and quartz, allowing the pieces to be fired at lower temperatures. [6][33], In 1712, many of the elaborate Chinese porcelain manufacturing secrets were revealed throughout Europe by the French Jesuit father Francois Xavier d'Entrecolles and soon published in the Lettres édifiantes et curieuses de Chine par des missionnaires jésuites. £257.47. * Bol en porcelaine Doucai, Chine, XXe siècle, A décor de coqs, marque apocryphe Kangxi à la base - Diamètre : 6,7 cm, Hauteur : 3 cmDoucai porcelain bowl, China, 20th century, Decorated with roosters, apocryphal brand Kangxi at the base - Diameter: 6.7 cm, Height: 3 … [7][8], Although originally developed in England in 1748[9] to compete with imported porcelain, bone china is now made worldwide, including China. Imari ware and Kakiemon are broad terms for styles of export porcelain with overglaze "enamelled" decoration begun in the early period, both with many sub-types. Read more. ‘The Sites Of The Chelsea Porcelain Factory.’ E.Adams. Clays used for porcelain are generally of lower plasticity and are shorter than many other pottery clays. 119,00 EUR. Reporté en raison de la crise sanitaire. Many types of porcelain in the past have been fired twice or even three times, to allow decoration using less robust pigments in overglaze enamel. nom masculin. £15.00. N°2 Noël 2008. Bow CAPODIMONTI,Naples Removedto BUENRETIRO,Madrid MARSEILLES hppblue969 to1106 sppblue173- Create New Account. [34] The secrets, which d'Entrecolles read about and witnessed in China, were now known and began seeing use in Europe.[34]. Porcelain sculpture chiffre tape sur la base de la porcelaine: Amazon.fr: Cuisine & Maison. [1] Porcelain is also referred to as china or fine china in some English-speaking countries, as it was first seen in imports from China. Experiments at Rouen produced the earliest soft-paste in France, but the first important French soft-paste porcelain was made at the Saint-Cloud factory before 1702. 27, No.2, 2007. La Maison de la Porcelaine was the first factory in Limoges to have organized the free visits of factory from 1978 and in open directly to the public its production, Enriched over the years by the addition of outside productions. “New American Standard Defines Polished Porcelain By The Porcelain Tile Certification Agency.” Tile Today No.56, 2007. Porcelain was invented in China over a centuries-long development period beginning with "proto-porcelain" wares dating from the Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC). Glazing Chattering Texture Bowls Using Underglazes and Wax Resist with Hsin-Chuen Lin - … C’est l’occasion de vous y mettre ! About See All. Read more. Unlike their lower-fired counterparts, porcelain wares do not need glazing to render them impermeable to liquids and for the most part are glazed for decorative purposes and to make them resistant to dirt and staining. A Range Of Quality Porcelain And Ceramic Lamps To Choose From To Suit All Styles. Many translated example sentences containing "base de la botella" – English-Spanish dictionary and search engine for English translations. Le col et le pied sont ornés d'entrelacs géométriques et chilong stylisés. VASE EN PORCELAINE DE LA FAMILLE ROSE CHINE, DEBUT DU XXEME SIECLE De forme bouteille, la panse est rehaussée de dix-huit luohans dans un paysage céleste de jardins et pavillons. Passer au contenu principal.fr. [37] They appear to have been given this name because they do not easily retain their shape in the wet state, or because they tend to slump in the kiln under high temperature, or because the body and the glaze can be easily scratched. Perfect. Définition de la porcelaine dure. Favorite Add ... Vintage FRENCH lamp base, porcelaine de France, hand painted, lamp foot , blue and white china, floral pattern lamp, Christmas gift Porcelaine à base de kaolin et de feldspath. livraison: + 55,45 EUR livraison . Tournage de la porcelaine . Its manufacturing process is more demanding than that for earthenware and stoneware, the two other main types of pottery, and it has usually been regarded as the most prestigious type of pottery for its delicacy, strength, and its white colour. fr., 1965, p.116). The Yongle emperor erected a white porcelain brick-faced pagoda at Nanjing, and an exceptionally smoothly glazed type of white porcelain is peculiar to his reign. Les pièces reçoivent ensuite une couverte à base de silice et d'oxyde de plomb, qui est cuite avant de recevoir un décor qui sera cuit lui-même. English Translation of “porcelaine” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Elle est caractérisée par une pâte blanche, dure, fine et translucide. Terms such as "proto-porcelain", "porcellaneous" or "near-porcelain" may be used in cases where the ceramic body approaches whiteness and translucency.[5]. Récompensée pour la créativité et l'audace de ses formes ainsi que pour la blancheur extrême de ses porcelaines, la maison crée du sur mesure pour les plus grands noms depuis 1824. [53][54] Manufacturers are found across the world[55] with Italy being the global leader, producing over 380 million square metres in 2006. PORCELAINE CHINE. Polskie Fabryki Porcelany “Ćmielów” i "Chodzież" S.A. Joseph Needham : Science and Civilisation in China, Volume 5 Chemistry and Chemical Technology : Part 12 Ceramic Technology, Sèvres Porcelain in the Nineteenth Century, "Bow porcelain bowl, painted by Thomas Craft", History of Royal Crown Derby Co Ltd, from "British Potters and Potteries Today", publ 1956. L'icône des fonds de teint Lancôme se réinvente avec un nouveau flacon luxueux et une formule perfectionnée pour l'hydratation. £321.84. Many types of glaze, such as the iron-containing glaze used on the celadon wares of Longquan, were designed specifically for their striking effects on porcelain. ... La Reine Limoges Porcelain France Bird Collectors Plate #2. Les meilleures offres pour Grande Paire De Vases Anciens En Porcelaine De Chine sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en … The composition of porcelain is highly variable, but the clay mineral kaolinite is often a raw material. La porcelaine de Chine ou celle de Meissen sont des porcelaines dures. Livraison GRATUITE. Limoges refers to hard-paste porcelain produced in factories near Limoges, France, but does not refer to any specific manufacturer. Porcelaine portrait. DeByl(TheAxe) JustusBrouwei r BEACON. Bonjour, Identifiez-vous. La qualité esthétique de la pâte tendre française paraît généralement supérieure à celle de la porcelaine dure. 3/4: Aginid Bayok Sa Atong Tawarik: Archaic Cebuano and Historicity in a Folk Narrative. H : 19; D : 10 cm from Oise Encheres on Invalid date CEST. Formation au référencement par les spécialistes en référencement de Ranking Metrics : conférence le matin, atelier pratique l'après-midi. Imprisoned by Augustus as an incentive to hasten his research, Böttger was obliged to work with other alchemists in the futile search for transmutation and was eventually assigned to assist Tschirnhaus. [25] Since the Yuan dynasty, the largest and best centre of production has made Jingdezhen porcelain. [21] Countless experiments to produce porcelain had unpredictable results and met with failure. Notre équipe éditoriale analyse tous les jours l'actualité pour dégager les tendances dans certains dossiers. ... VINTAGE LIMOGES FRANCE PORCELAIN LAMP BASE URN VASE LAMP PETITE FLORAL GOLD BLUE. Log In. Voila comment percer de la porcelaine sans casse ni éclats !! Traditionally, English bone china was made from two parts of bone ash, one part of kaolin and one part china stone, although this has largely been replaced by feldspars from non-UK sources. Pourquoi fabrique-t-on des porcelaines à Limoges ? KGDC Vase Vintage/Vase de Bureau Vase Chinois en Porcelaine Bleue et Blanche avec Base, Peint à la Main sculpté Feuille Feuille Feuille, pour la décoration de Salon, oeuvre de Bureau . His development of porcelain manufacturing technology was not based on secrets learned through third parties, but was the result of painstaking work and careful analysis. ’Manufacturers Of Porcelain Tiles’ Ceram.World Rev. [28] By the early 1900s, Filipino porcelain artisans working in Japanese porcelain centres for much of their lives, later on introduced the craft into the native population in the Philippines,[29] although oral literature from Cebu in the central Philippines have noted that porcelain were already being produced by the natives locally during the time of Cebu's early rulers, prior to the arrival of colonizers in the 16th century.[30]. Vincennes soft-paste was whiter and freer of imperfections than any of its French rivals, which put Vincennes/Sèvres porcelain in the leading position in France and throughout the whole of Europe in the second half of the 18th century. Click & Collect. A more common terminology for the unfired material is "body"; for example, when buying materials a potter might order an amount of porcelain body from a vendor. Il y remarque une céramique fine et translucide inconnue en Occident. Page 1/1 Citations porcelaine. Ouano-Savellon, R. (2014). La place d'honneur de cette première partie revient au célèbre « Kaisersemmel » en porcelaine viennoise. La porcelaine dans le monde moderne La découverte de ce matériau fin et délicat que l’on appelle porcelaine remonte à la Chine antique. This was the first bone china, subsequently perfected by Josiah Spode. Investissement de base : "Perfect DIP Starter Kit": 69€ Il contient tous les produit nécessaires à la réalisation de votre prestation gel porcelaine: Prep - Base Coat - Activator - Top Coat - Nettoyant pinceau - Plateau French - Poudre Clear - Poudre Blanche (pour la french) Ensuite il vous suffit de choisir les couleurs désirées, sauf si vous êtes équipé du vernis permanent ! Porcelaine Nature : s. f. Prononciation : por-se-lè-n' ; au XVIIe siècle, plusieur Etymologie : M. de Laborde, Émaux, p. 463, a fait voir que la porcelaine employée à différents objets d'art et de luxe était la nacre de la coquille dite porcelaine. " Though definitions vary, porcelain can be divided into three main categories: hard-paste, soft-paste and bone china. Y a t'il une différence ? Avec des prix au plus bas aujourd’hui samedi 19 décembre 2020, comment ne pas craquer pour l'un de ces 260 produits, à l’image de la bombe du jour . 1,347 people like this. Eventually other factories opened: Gardner porcelain, Dulyovo (1832), Kuznetsovsky porcelain, Popovsky porcelain, and Gzhel. Les cuissons sont faites à température de moins en moins élevée. Porcelain is fired at a higher temperature than earthenware so that the body can vitrify and become non-porous. The manufacture of porcelain became highly organised, and the dragon kilns excavated from this period could fire as many as 25,000 pieces at a time,[21] and over 100,000 by the end of the period. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème porcelaine, poupée en porcelaine, figurine. The Kolarz Avorio 0014.74.6 is a gloss white ceramic table lamp with a gold base. Since the beginning of the Christian era until the seventeenth century, exotic Chinese objects sought, rare and expensive, are transported to Europe by land (Silk Road) or by sea opened by Marco Polo.