Abu Talib described his beloved nephew in the following words: “He is fair and handsome. The general mass has been confused by the shias whether the uncle of our Beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam, Abu Talib recited the Shahadah or not. No one can question Abu Talib's honor and dignity. On that the Messenger of Allah said, “By Allah, I will keep on asking Allah’s forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden (by Allah) to do so.” So Allah revealed, “It is not for the Prophet and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of polytheists even if they were their relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the people of hell.” [Qur’an 9:113] And then Allah specifically revealed about Abu Talib ‘Indeed it is not such that you can guide whomever you love, but Allah guides whomever He wills.’” [Qur’an 28:56] [Sahih Bukhari: Kitab al-Janaiz, Kitab al-Manaqib, Kitab al-Tafseer – Surah al-Bara’ah and Surah al-Qasas, Sahih Muslim: Kitab al-Iman, Sunan al-Nasa’i: Kitab al-Janaiz]. ABU TALIB. The Hadith mentions the reason of revelation of the aforementioned verse [28:56]. Muslims remember Ali for his courage, his honesty, his generous and kind behaviour towards others, and his unswerving devotion to Islam. Abu Talib, the father of Imam Ali (a), is among the many individuals who has been persecuted through distortions and alterations in the books of history. Other traditions specify that 'Abdul-Muttalib was a "Hujjat (Proof) of Allah and that Abu Talib was his successor." The name […] Hence, even if a kafir led the nikah, it was correct as it was not forbidden by Islam. He would prohibit and prevent others from hurting the Prophet, yet he himself stayed far from bringing faith in the Prophet.” Similar is stated in al-Durr al-Manthur. The scholars agree that from them only the former two became Muslim, the latter two did not. Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said, "O Abu Talib! Religion of Abu Talib. At the time of the nikah of the Prophet ﷺ with Sayyidah Khadijah, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ was 25 years old. As the Shias say that he conducted the nikah of The Beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam with Sayyidah Khadijah RadiAllahu Anha. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri narrated, “A mention was made of his uncle, Abu Talib in front of the Messenger of Allah. All scholars agree that Abu Talib, the uncle of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, took care of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and dearly loved him more than his own children. AbÅ« Tālib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib () (549 – 619) was the head of the clan of Banu Hashim. “Indeed it is not such that you can guide whomever you love, but Allah guides whomever He wills; and He well knows the people upon guidance.”  [Qur’an 28:56]. The Hadith mentions the reason of revelation of both the aforesaid verses; Sa’eed bin al-Musaiyab narrated, “When Abu Talib was on his death bed, the Messenger of Allah came to him and found with him - Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya bin al-Mughira. Sunan al-TirmidhÄ« (vol 2 p.301), Al-Ṭabaqāt Al-Kubrā - ibn Sa'd (vol 3 kklkp.12), Usd Al-Ghābah (vol 4 p.17), Kanz al-'Ummāl (vol 6 p.400), TārÄ«kh Al-ṬabarÄ« (vol 2 p.55), TārÄ«kh Baghdād (vol 2 p.18), "Abu-Talib (a.s.) The Greatest Guardian of Islam", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abu_Talib_ibn_Abd_al-Muttalib&oldid=996028913, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles tagged with the inline citation overkill template from August 2017, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not object to Sayyiduna Ali when he used the terms ‘kafir,’ ‘Mushrik’ and ‘misguided’ for his own father, Abu Talib. Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib and his wife, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib and his wife, Fatimah bint Asad, educated Fakhitah, Jumanah and Raytah, * indicates that the marriage order is disputed, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 03:41. Ali was born in Mecca around the year 600 CE. Abu Talib was married to Fatimah binte Asad, who was a Muslim. Neither did the Messenger of Allah ﷺ order Sayyiduna Ali to conduct the Janazah prayer nor did the Messenger of Allah ﷺ conduct the Janazah prayer himself. However, although he was close to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he did not accept Islam and thus died as a kafir. Al-Imam al-A’zam states in al-Fiqh al-Akbar, “His [the Messenger of Allah’s] uncle, Abu Talib died a kafir.”. Her believed marriage to the Caliph Umar al-Khattab is the cause of much contention between the Sunni and the Shiites. Other articles where AbÅ« Ṭālib is discussed: Muhammad: Biography according to the Islamic tradition: …clan of Hāshim, his uncle AbÅ« Ṭālib. º) went to him and found Abu Jahl bin Hisham and `Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya bin Al-Mughira by his side. “And they stop [others] from him (the Messenger of Allah) and run away from him; and they ruin none except themselves, and they do not have sense.” [Qur’an 6:26]. Okay so I've seen a lot of people saying and even scholars claiming that Abu Talib died a mushrik and I really can't understand why or whats the truth behind it. Abu Talib was definitely a Muslim. Abu Talib’s presence in relation to the continuity of Islam was not incidental. Okay so I've seen a lot of people saying and even scholars claiming that Abu Talib died a mushrik and I … Religion of Abu Talib Assalamou Alaikum warah matullah. The Messenger of Allah said, go and bury him.” [Nasb al-Rayah, Sunan Abu Daud, Ahmad, al-Sunan al-Kubra]. Comparative Index to Islam : ABU TALIB. And can we call Abu Talib as ‘Hazrat Abu Talib’ for respect? Abu Jahl and `Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said, "O Abu Talib! At this point is must be clearly noted that Ali and Uthman were brothers in Islam, both devoted too God, His messenger Muhammad and the religion of Islam. Although a few have the opinion that Abu Talib died a believer, it is the correct and preferred opinion that he died a disbeliever according to the overwhelming majority of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama’ah. For more details, refer to the comprehensive treatise of Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza, Sharhu al-Matalib Fi Mabhathi Abi Talib. The rules of Islam were not in place, as Prophethood was not announced and the revelation of the Qur’an had not yet started. Allah's Apostle kept on inviting Abu Talib to say it (i.e. "Had it not been for Abu Talib and his children, the religion of Islam would never have been established. Amirul-Mu'minin 'Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) said: "By Allah, neither my father ever worshipped the idols, nor my grandfather 'Abdul-Muttalib, nor his father Hashim, nor his father 'Abd Munaf. Shaykh Abdul Haq states in Madarij al-Nubuwwah, “Authentic narrations have established the kufr of Abu Talib.” Shaykh Abdul Haq also states in Sharh Safr al-Sa’adah, “The view of the scholars of Hadith and the Scholars of the Sunnah is that the Iman of Abu Talib is not proven. Jafar protected all of the poor but he protected and met the needs of especially Ashab as-Suffa, the Muslims who were busy with learning knowledge and service of belief. The memory of Abu Talib is influenced by political aims of the Sunnis and Shias. Story of Ali, son of Abu Talib: The Early Years. [His full name was] Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib bin Abdil Muttalib bin Hashim. Hazrat Ali (ra) was born ten years before the prophethood of Muhammad (sa). After the migration to Medina, Ali married his childhood companion Fatima, daughter of Prophet Muhammad. If ‘Hazrat’ is used with the intention of praise or respect then he is mistaken, as it has been clarified that the correct opinion is that Abu Talib died a disbeliever. According to historians, his real name was ‘Imraan. Abu Talib raised and supported Muhammad while he was a young man. Sayyiduna Ali narrated, “I said to the Messenger of Allah, O Messenger of Allah! (i.e. Nonetheless, we have sufficient evidence to affirm that Abu Talib believed in the existence and oneness of Allah, the truthfulness and prophecy the Prophet, and the adherence and affirmation to the religion of Islam, through his poetry of praise [for the Prophet], statements of support, and actions of … In Islam, a Muslim women is not … His real name was Imran [ عمران ] but he is better known as Abu Talib because he had a son named Talib. a paternal uncle of Muhammad, and the father of Ali, the 4th caliph who is also the son-in-law of Muhamamd. Assalamou Alaikum warah matullah. The Messenger of Allah said, “O uncle! Hazrat Ali’sra father was Abd Manaf, who was known by the title of Abu Talib. Demise. He requested his uncle: “My uncle, you just make a profession that there is no true god but Allâh, and I will bear testimony before Allâh (of your being a believer)”. He sheltered and helped the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in Makkah and his son would die in Madinah with the help of the Prophet (peace be upon him). A big statement of Abu Talib’s faith in Allah is in how he raised his sons with the firm belief in the Oneness of God. In the end Abu Talib said that he was dying with is belief in the religion of Abd Al Muttalib. Other articles where AbÅ« Ṭālib KalÄ«m is discussed: Islamic arts: Indian literature in Persian: …poets, the most outstanding is AbÅ« Ṭālib KalÄ«m (died 1651), who came from Hamadan. The version of Ibn Abi Shaybah is, Sayyiduna Ali narrated, “Your uncle, the old kafir has died, what is your view? Then he turned to the Prophet and said that he would have recited the creed but he feared lest the Quraish should accuse him of fear of death. Yes, Abu Talib was a Muslim when he passed away, and there is clear proof to support this fact. The Messenger of Allah said, go and bury him.” [Nasb al-Rayah]. َّلِب, Ibn Sa'd, Al-Tabaqat al-Kobra, Vol. May Allah Bless You In Abundance For The Answer. الب (ع) is one of the theological arguments between Shi'a and Sunni scholars. Author has 121 answers and 185.8K answer views. argue) for you before Allah. Ali “Ibn” (son of) Abu Talib was the young cousin of Prophet Muhammad. Islamic Study / Article. According to narrations from Ahl al-Bayt (a), Shi'as have ijma' (consensus) on that Abu Talib, the uncle of the Prophet (s) and the father of Imam 'Ali (a), had faith in the Prophet (s). This child, who greatly admired his older cousin, grew into a noble warrior for Islam, a knowledgeable judge, a remarkable exegete of Quran and a righteous leader of the Muslim nation. He was married to Fatima bint Asad and was an uncle of Muhammad. 1, P. 93. º) said to Abu Talib, "O uncle! Say: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, a sentence with which I shall be a witness (i.e. The Shia school of thought believes that Abu Talib was a Muslim while Sunni says that Abu Talib did not formally accept Islam and died as a polytheist. This is the belief of the majority of the scholars of the Ahl al-Sunnah and is proven from the verses of the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith. Although Shia Muslims have also distorted their religion much and added many wrong things just like other sects of Muslims but as for Abu Talib they are right. From childhood, Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) was exceptionally intelligent and chaste and was highly regarded for his honesty, valor, justice, piety, patience, modesty, loyalty and hospitality. Help us improve the information we display about Abu Talib on this page. Religion of Abu Talib. When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ proclaimed Prophethood, four uncles were alive; Sayyiduna Hamzah, Sayyiduna Abbas, Abu Talib and Abu Lahb. He (Abu Talib) said, ‘Were it not the fear of the Quraysh blaming me, saying that it was the anxiety of (approaching death) that induced me to do so, I would have certainly delighted your eyes.’ It was then that Allah revealed, ‘Indeed it is not such that you can guide whomever you love, but Allah guides whomever He wills.’ [Qur’an 28:56] [Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Iman]. Friday Sermon 27 November 2020 Men of Excellence: Hazrat Alira Today, I will speak about the Khulafa-e-Rashidin [Rightly Guided Caliphs] and begin with Hazrat Alira bin Abi Talib. It is in Ma’alim al-Tanzeel (Tafsir al-Baghawi), “It was revealed regarding Abu Talib,” it is in Madarik al-Tanzeel (Tafsir al-Nasafi), “Zajjaj said that it is the consensus of the exegetes that this verse was revealed regarding Abu Talib.” Imam Nawawi in his Sharh Muslim wrote similar to this. Even though I looked into it and found following narrations claiming that Abu Talib … In another verse of the Qur’an, Allah says: “It is not for the Prophet and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of polytheists even if they were their relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the people of hell.”  [Qur’an 9:113], It is stated in Tafsir al-Nasafi, “The Messenger of Allah intended to ask for the forgiveness of Abu Talib, so this verse was revealed that ‘it is not for the Prophet.’” Similarly, it is in Tafsir al-Jalalayn, “It was revealed because of the Messenger of Allah’s asking for forgiveness for his uncle, Abu Talib.”. Muhammad was greatful for all that Abu Talib and his wife Fatima bint Asaddid for him. The personality of Abu Talib is among the most oppressed in the early Islamic era, as his high status in Mecca among the Quraysh tribe was jeopardized for his … The Messenger of Allah said, wash him and bury him.” [al-Musannaf li-Ibn Abi Shaybah], The version of Imam Shafa’i adds after the words ‘wash him and bury him’, “I (Sayyiduna Ali) said, O Messenger of Allah! Khadija also was a Hanif/ monotheist follower of Ibrahim (as). The Shi'a school of thought believes that Abu Talib was a Muslim according to hadiths narrated from the Ahl al-Bayt (a), while Sunni historians say that Abu Talib did not formally accept Islam and died as a polytheist.. He died as a Mushrik [polytheist]. asked him to accept Islam) however he did not accept.”, It is in Naseem al-Riyad, “Abu Talib died on kufr, and the false claim of some Rafdis that he became a Muslim is baseless.”, It is written in Mirqat Sharh Miskhat, “According to the Ahl al-Sunnah, Abu Talib is not a believer.”. The Prophet ﷺ announced Prophethood at the age 40, thus the nikah to Sayyidah Khadija was conducted 15 years before the announcement of Prophethood. Allah's Apostle said to Abu Talib, "O uncle! Are you going to denounce the religion of `Abdul Muttalib?" Authentic narrations mention that at the time of the death of Abu Talib, the Messenger of Allah came to him and presented Islam (i.e. Posted by 11 hours ago. Both ruled the Muslim nation with humble hearts, austerity, and piety. TārÄ«kh Al-TabarÄ« (vol 2 p.63), TārÄ«kh ibn Al-AthÄ«r (vol 2 p.24), Musnad of Aḥmed ibn Ḥanbal (vol 1 p.159), Al-SÄ«rat al-NabawÄ«yah by ibn KathÄ«r (vol 1 p.457-459). Jazak-Allah. Copyright © 2009-2020 TheSunniWay - Contact Us, Published on Tuesday, 24 March 2015 18:57 in. In addition to being from a noble tribe, he also enjoyed the protection of his uncle, Abu Talib, who was venerated as a great chieftian. It is stated in Tafsir al-Baghawi, “Ibn Abbas and Maqatil said that this verse was revealed regarding Abu Talib. The following statement of Abu Hurayra, who was a prominent figure of Ashab as-Suffa, expresses this very well: "We addressed Jafar bin Abu Talib as 'the father of the poor'. His sons are Talib, known for his honesty, Aqeel, known for his loyalty, Jafar, known for his nobility, and Ali, known as the Prince of Believers. 6. Hazrat Abu Talib (as) was the son of Hazrat Abdul-Muttalib (as); the father of Imam Ali (as) & the paternal uncle of the Holy Prophet (saww). He was married to a Muslim woman and before the announcement of Islam they were of the people, mostly bani Hashim, known as "Hanifs" who were followers of Nabi Ibrahim (as). While accompanying his uncle on a trading journey to Syria, Muhammad is recognized as a future prophet by a Christian monk. Abu Talib is Arabic origin name for Baby Boy Names that means Uncle of Prophet Muhammad SAWW. On the authority of Al-Musaiyab, when Abu Talib was on the death bed, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) entered the room where he saw Abu Jahl and ‘Abdullah bin Abi Omaiyah. Say, none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, a sentence with which I will defend you before Allah.” On that Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said to Abu Talib, “Will you now leave the religion of Abdul Muttalib?” The Messenger of Allah kept on inviting him to say that sentence while the other two kept on repeating their sentence before him till Abu Talib said as the last thing he said to them, “I am on the religion of ‘Abdul Muttalib,” and refused to say, None has the right to be worshipped except Allah. There are many disputes between Shi'a and Sunnis over Abu Talib's (a) faith. Can you please tell us with detail about the belief of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah about Abu Talib’s religion? Your uncle, the old and the misguided has died. THE PROTECTION Polytheists avoid openly abusing the Prophet Because the Prophet had enjoyed great prestige and belonged to a highly respected tribe, his opponents did not dare mistreat him the way they did the slave converts to Islam. In fact, even now, according to the Shari’at, if a kafir prays the Khutbah or conducts the Nikah, as long as the man and woman complete Ijab and Qabool, and there are a minimum of two witnesses present, the Nikah is complete. Abu Talib leading the nikah of the Prophet ﷺ to Sayyidah Khadijah is not sufficient evidence to prove his Iman, especially when there are authentic narrations that oppose the Iman of Abu Talib. what should be done). Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to his uncle at the time of his death, ‘say there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I will bear testimony for you on the Day of Reckoning’. It is the consensus of the exegetes [mufassireen] that this verse was revealed regarding Abu Talib. If Abu Talib died as a Muslim, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ would have ordered or conducted the Janazah prayer like he did for the wife of Abu Talib, Fatimah bint Asad, who left this world as a Muslim. Abu Talib took care of Muhammad after his mother Aminahand grandfatherAbdul Muttalib died. Are you going to denounce the religion of Abdul Muttalib?" Islamic Study / Article. Close. The only reason for this persecution is that he was the father of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a), who in turn had many enemies amongst the hypocrites and the freed Umayyids by the prophet (pbuh). Umm Kulthum bint Ali (Arabic: أم كلثوم بنت علي) was the fourth child of Ali ibn Abu Talib (the first Shi’a Imam and fourth Sunni Caliph) and Fatima Zahra, the daughter of Muhammad.. Umm KulthÅ«m bint Ali was the 4th child of Ali and Fatima. From his face, mercy falls like rain. argue) for you before Allah. He said, I anticipate that my intercession will benefit him on the Day of Resurrection that he will be placed in the shallow part of the Fire which will reach his ankles and his brain will boil.” [Sahih Bukhari: Kitab Manaqib al-Ansar, Sahih Muslim: Kitab al-Iman, Ahmad: Ann Abi Sa’eed al-Khudri]. His Holiness (aba) said that Hazrat Ali’s (ra) father’s name was Abd Manaf who was better known as Abu Talib, and his mother’s name was Fatimah bint Asad bint Hashim. Say: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, a sentence with which I shall be a witness (i.e. Abounding in descriptive passages of great virtuosity, his poignant and often pessimistic verses have become proverbial, thanks to their compact diction and fluent style. َّلِب شَيْبَة ٱبْن هَاشِم ‎, Ê¿Abd al-Muá¹­á¹­alib Shaybah ibn Hāshim, c. 497 – 578) was the grandfather of Islamic prophet Muhammad. Ayatullah Shaykh Ja’ffar Sub-hani in his book ‘The Message’ writes that: Sometimes it is said that the real name of Abu Talib was ‘Imraan.